Electronic Democracy: Enhancing Participation and Transparency through E-Voting
This study aims to examine the implementation of the e-voting system in Indonesia, focusing on its stages, challenges, and potential. The methods employed include document analysis and literature review related to e-voting, encompassing case studies of implementation in Belgium and the Netherlands. The study found that the implementation of e-voting in Indonesia is still in its initial stage and is limited by the uneven distribution of electronic identification (e-KTP). E-voting has the potential to simplify the election process in Indonesia, an archipelagic nation, thereby saving time and costs. However, challenges related to data security, process confidentiality, and election integrity must be addressed. Furthermore, the implementation of e-voting requires supportive infrastructure, adequate public education, and a robust legal framework. The findings of this study indicate that, although e-voting offers efficiency, the decision to adopt it should be made thoughtfully, weighing the pros and cons, as well as considering its impact on public participation.
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